An introduction to acid rain the causes and effects

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Essay on Acid Rain: Definition, Causes, Adverse Effects and Control

Internet URLs are the best. There was a decrease in species diversity, an increase in community dominants, and a decrease in the food web complexity. Surface waters and aquatic animals: Forests and other vegetation: These acids cause acidic rain.

What we call acid rain is the oxides of sulphur and nitrogen originating from industrial operations and fossil fuel combustion, the major sources of acid forming gases combine with the water in the air.

Human activity The coal-fired Gavin Power Plant in Cheshire, Ohio The principal cause of acid rain is sulphur and nitrogen compounds from human sources, such as electricity generationfactories, and motor vehicles. Acidity is determined on the basis of the pH level of the water droplets. In the atmosphere these gases are ultimately converted into sulphuric and nitric acids.

Smith in from his studies of air in Manchester, England. Some acidic lakes have no fish. There was a debate about whether Nierenberg delayed to release the report. Surface waters and aquatic animals: Mitigation of this challenge requires individuals to be more informed about energy conservation and ways of reducing emissions such as: When acid rains seep into the soil, it means higher soil pH, which damages or reverses soil biological and chemical activities.

What is Acid Rain?

S increased in the s after The New York Times published reports from the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in New Hampshire of the myriad deleterious environmental effects shown to result from it.

When these gases are discharged into the atmosphere they react with the water, oxygen, and other gases already present there to form sulphuric acid, ammonium nitrate, and nitric acid.

Carbonic acid is formed by the reaction. Acid rain has been shown to have adverse impacts on forests, freshwaters and soils, killing insect and aquatic life-forms as well as causing damage to buildings and having impacts on human health.

Furthermore, it only offers a short-term solution at the expense of solving the broader challenges of SO2 and NOx emissions and risks to human health. Solutions to Acid Rain Cleaning up Exhaust Pipes and Smokestacks Most of the electric power supporting the modern-day energy requirements comes from combusting fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas, and coal that generate nitrogen oxides NOx and sulfur dioxide SO2 as the chief contributors to acid rain.

Effects of Acid Rain

Alternative Energy Sources Besides fossil fuels, there is a wide range of alternative energy sources that can generate electrical power. When the wind blows the acidic chemicals in the air to the areas where the weather is wet, the acids fall to the ground in the form of rain, sleet, fog, snow or mist.

Acid rain also removes minerals and nutrients from the soil that trees need to grow. The chemicals in acid rain can cause paint to peel, corrosion of steel structures such as bridges, and erosion of stone statues. A coating of protective layer of inert polymer should be given in the interior of water pipes for drinking water.

Forest damage due to acid rain is most evident in Eastern Europe — especially Germany, Poland and Switzerland. As acidity increases pH numbers become lowersubmerged aquatic plants decrease and deprive waterfowl of their basic food source.

As lakes and rivers become more acidic biodiversity is reduced. In that year, he discovered the relationship between acid rain and atmospheric pollution in Manchester, England. It was discovered way back in s during the Industrial Revolution. Everything in an ecosystem is connected.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. If the wind blows the acidic chemicals in the air to the areas where the weather is dry, the acidic pollutants slip into dust or smoke and fall to the ground as dry particles.

Acids in the rain react with the calcium compounds in the stones to create gypsum, which then flakes off. Improvement of gasoline that combusts cleaner is also a strategy for reducing emission of NOx gases.

Building materials crumble away, metals are corroded. Please try again later. It looked at the effects of acid rain and funded research on the effects of acid precipitation on freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems, historical buildings, monuments, and building materials.

The term was coined in when the NY Times published reports about the climate change effects which started arising due to the occurrence of acid rain in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in New Hampshire.

Effects of Acid Rain

Acid rain can also damage buildings and historic monuments and statues, especially those made of rocks, such as limestone and marble that contain large amounts of calcium carbonate.

Aside from aquatic bodies, acid deposition can significantly affect forests. As acid rain falls on trees, it can make them lose their leaves, damage their bark, and stunt their growth. By damaging these parts of the tree, it makes them vulnerable to disease, extreme weather, and insects.

Introduction to Acid Rain - General Definitions. To Know about Acid Rain and its effects. Click on this link Acid Rain Another effect of air pollution is acid rain. The chemicals in acid rain can cause paint to peel, corrosion of steel structures such as bridges, and erosion of stone statues.

“Acid u” is a popular term referring to the deposition of wet (rain, snow, sleet, fog, cloud water, and dew) and dry (acidifying particles and gases) acidic components. Free Essay: The Cause and Effects of Acid Mine Drainage INTRODUCTION Imagine going fishing on a cool Autumn day, the trees are all different shades of.

What is Acid Rain?

The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife. As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes.

In acid-sensitive areas, acid rain also depletes soil of important plant nutrients and buffers, such as calcium and magnesium, and can release aluminum, bound to soil particles and rock, in .

An introduction to acid rain the causes and effects
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Essay on Acid Rain: Definition, Causes, Adverse Effects and Control