An introduction to the geography and history of the republic of belarus

Some archeologists think there were people living there as many as 10, years ago. Land Belarus is a landlocked country bordered by Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest, by Russia to the north and east, by Ukraine to the south, and by Poland to the west. The October Revolution opened the possibility for Belarus to establish its statehood.

The birth rate continued to fall into the 21st century, while the death rate gradually climbed. Cities and Towns The capital, Minsk, is by far the largest city in the country — numbering around 2 million people.

In spring ofthere already was neither single Belarusian official organisation in Poland nor a single exclusively Belarusian school with only 44 schools teaching Belarusian language left. The government has refused to recognize several other political parties, the most prominent being the Belarusian Christian Democracy Party.

European Radio for Belarus is an independent satellite station that began operations in The use of the Belarusian language was limited. The extreme southwestern corner of Belarus is drained by the Mukhavyets, a tributary of the Bug Buh Riverwhich forms part of the border with Poland and flows to the Baltic Sea.

Not all anti-German partisans were pro-Soviet.

Key facts about Belarus

A presidential fund for culture and the arts provides for a number of annual and biannual festivals. All remaining local currency must be reconverted at the point of departure. Visas can be valid for one, two, three or multiple entries.

Hiding in the woods and swamps, the partisans inflicted heavy damage to German supply lines and communications, disrupting railway tracks, bridges, telegraph wires, attacking supply depots, fuel dumps and transports and ambushing German soldiers.

During the Soviet years, inadequate training and technology contributed to a system that has failed to meet many basic medical needs in independent Belarus.

History of Belarus

Urban areas are served by polyclinics, facilities that combine the functions of a hospital outpatient department and a general-practitioner health centre. Nitrogenous fertilizers are made at Hrodna, using natural gas piped from Dashava in Ukraine. The s marked the tentative beginnings of yet another national revival with the novels of Vasil Bykau and Uladzimir Karatkievich.

Geography of Belarus

Literature Literary activity in Belarus dates to the 11th century. Around that time, Stanislav Shushkevich became the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Belarus, the top leadership position in Belarus.

The country has been ruled by Alyaksandr Lukashenka since One of the first uprisings of a Jewish ghetto against the Nazis occurred in in Belarus, in the small town of Lakhva. Basketball also enjoys a wide following, and there are several professional teams.

Until it became independent inBelarus, formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia, was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union the larger two being Russia and Ukraine. Other large cities are Mogilev, Vitebsk, Hrodnaand BrestA distinctively Belarusian culture began to emerge clearly only in the 16th century.

It allowed to own the land within Grand Duchy of Lithuania only to own families. Kalinovsky and his comrades-in-arms, the uprising had assumed an international character. The country also is a world leader in the production of peatwhich is especially abundant in the Pripet Marshes. To strengthen the independence in the format of the union, three editions of the Statutes of Lithuania were issued in the 16th century.

Slow cooked or stewed meals are most common. Many families spend summers at dachas, or country cottages, growing local produce. Much of Belarus (formerly the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR, and then Byelorussia) is a hilly lowland with forests, swamps, and numerous rivers and lakes.

There are wide rivers emptying into the Baltic and Black seas. Republic of Belarus, Respublika Belarus; beforethe country was known as the Belorussian (also spelled Byelorussian) Soviet Socialist Republic. Sometimes called White Russia or alternatively White Ruthenia, especially in relation to the pre history of the region.

Belarus - Early history - The Belarusian region has a long history of human settlement.

Republic of Belarus Trade relations. Area. History. Climate. Shopping. Passports/ Visas

Senior Lecturer in Geography, University College, –94, and School of Slavonic and East European Studies, –91, University of London.

Official name Respublika Belarus (Republic of Belarus) Form of government republic with two legislative.

Key facts about Belarus

Although a landlocked state, the location has made Belarus an important trade and transport route between Europe and the CIS. The total land area of Belarus is more thansquare kilometers. What is the capital of Belarus? Minsk, the capital of Belarus, is located in the centre of the country.

Minsk today is a modern international city.

Introducing Belarus

Among the most prominent museums in Belarus are the Great Patriotic War Museum, the National Museum of the History and Culture of Belarus, the National Art Museum of the Republic of Belarus, the Yakub Kolas State Memorial and Literary Museum, and the Yanka Kupala State Literary Museum, all located in Minsk.

Geography of Belarus Belarus is a mostly flat landlocked country with large areas of forest and marshland.

Many rivers and lakes are found throughout the landscape while the highest point in the country stands at only metres.

An introduction to the geography and history of the republic of belarus
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