An introduction to the history and geography of indonesia

Indonesia in its entirety upper map and the islands of Java, Bali, Lombok, and Sumbawa lower map. These are found in the southeastern coastal areas, where the parent substance from which the soil is formed is composed of chemically basic volcanic materials.

At least half the land area lies more than feet metres above sea level. Indonesia has a range of sea and coastal ecosystems, including beachessand dunes, estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs, seagrass beds, coastal mudflats, tidal flats, algal beds, and small island ecosystems.

The Maluku Islands are a small group of islands towards the eastern edge of Indonesian territory. Rafflesia arnoldiiorangutangreater bird-of-paradiseand Komodo dragon.

The most prominent of these is the Main Rangewhich is about miles km long and has peaks exceeding 7, feet 2, metres. Indonesia continues to work with its neighbours to improve these relationships. Irian Jaya is at the eastern boundary of Indonesia and, like Kalimantan, it is not an island on its own, but is part of a larger island.

He also developed similar techniques when it came to measuring the heights of mountainsdepths of the valleysand expanse of the horizon.

Introduction to Indonesia

With the exception of some highlands in the western and southern regions, the islands of the Riau group generally consist of low-lying swampy terrain. For almost years, the company was the dominant European power in the archipelago. In Balithe Warmadewas established their rule on the Kingdom of Bali in An introduction to the history and geography of indonesia 10th century.

This region, which is higher and nearer to the coast in Sabah than in Sarawak, is composed of an eroded and ill-defined complex of plateaus, ravines, gorges, and mountain ranges.

The Lesser Sunda Islands continue through Sumbawa and Floresnarrowing progressively until they appear on a map as a spine of volcanic islands that loops northeast into the Banda Islands.

It can be said, without much controversy, that cartography is the seed from which the larger field of geography grew. Most of Indonesia's territory is water. Java, for example, is not the largest island in Indonesia, but it is one of the flattest and more open islands and it also contains Indonesia's capital city Jakarta.

Regional science comprises the body of knowledge in which the spatial dimension plays a fundamental role, such as regional economicsresource managementlocation theoryurban and regional planningtransport and communicationhuman geographypopulation distribution, landscape ecologyand environmental quality.

The rivers provide a means of communication between the coast and the interior, and historically, most settlement has taken place along the rivers. In the West during the 20th century, the discipline of geography went through four major phases: To make it easier to understand what actually makes up Indonesia, it is useful to consider the four main island chains.

Many Australians were hurt and killed by the bombs. Classical cartography has been joined by a more modern approach to geographical analysis, computer-based geographic information systems GIS.

Page 1 of In recent times, Indonesia and Australia have needed to work closely together in some very difficult situations. Techniques As spatial interrelationships are key to this synoptic science, maps are a key tool.

A chain of islands is also known as an archipelago are-ki-pell-a-goand Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago see animation.

One of the first major kingdoms to emerge in Indonesia was the Srivajay naval kingdom in the 7th century. The rivers, also perennial because of the year-round rainfall, form a dense network covering the entire region. Other courts include the Commercial Court, which handles bankruptcy and insolvency; the State Administrative Court Pengadilan Tata Negara to hear administrative law cases against the government; the Constitutional Court Mahkamah Konstitusi to hear disputes concerning legality of law, general elections, dissolution of political parties, and the scope of authority of state institutions; and the Religious Court Pengadilan Agama to deal with codified Sharia cases.

Introduction to Indonesia

Indonesia is composed of some 17, islands, of which more than 7, are uninhabited. While Indonesia is made up of many islands, only about of them are inhabited by people.

Regional geography Regional geography is concerned with the description of the unique characteristics of a particular region such as its natural or human elements.

See Article History Alternative Titles: Islands of the Sahul Shelf The islands of the Sahul Shelf appear to have a physiographic structure similar to those of the Sunda Shelf. Sumba and Timor form an outer southern fringe of nonvolcanic islands that resembles the chain off the western edge of the Sunda Shelf near Sumatra.

Related fields Urban planningregional planningand spatial planning: Population Although there are many islands without people living on them, Indonesia has the fourth-largest number of people in the world. Applications of geostatistics rely heavily on geographic information systemsparticularly for the interpolation estimate of unmeasured points.

There are two discernible seasons in Indonesia: Soil erosion is always a danger on sloping ground, where such preventive measures as building contour embankments or planting protective cover crops are required. They are often given a lower priority due to high poverty levels and weak, under-resourced governance.

TectonicallyIndonesia is highly unstable, making the country a site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.

Human history in Indonesia goes back at least million years, as shown by the fossil "Java Man" - a Homo erectus individual discovered in Archaeological evidence suggests that Homo sapiens had walked across Pleistocene land bridges from the mainland by 45, years ago.

Only in the past sixty years has “Southeast Asia” been used to refer to the region comprising modern-day Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei.

Bali: Bali, island and propinsi (or provinsi; province) in the Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. It is situated 1 mile ( km) east of the island of Java, separated by the narrow Bali Strait.

Geography of Indonesia

Area province, 2, square miles (5, square km). Jan 23,  · Indonesia, land of a thousand faces. Short introduction to the most beautifull country with so many different faces.

Promotion by Venture-travels. Brief Introduction of Indonesia. Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 17, islands. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and.

Indonesia's former tallest peak, Mount Tambora (8, ft, 2, m), is an active stratovolcano whose eruption was the largest ever in recorded history - killing nearly 71, people. The explosion alone was heard as far west as Sumatra island, some 1, miles (2, km) away, and ash falls were recorded on the islands of Borneo, Sulawesi.

An introduction to the history and geography of indonesia
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An Introduction to Indonesia